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List of terrorist organisations

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Most organisations that are accused of being a "terrorist organization" will deny using terrorism as a military tactic to achieve their goals, and there is no international consensus on the bureaucratic definition of terrorism. Therefore, this list is of organisations that are, or have been in the past, proscribed as "terrorist organizations" by other organizations, including the United Nations and national governments, where the proscription has a significant impact on the group's activities.[1]

This listing does not include states or governmental organisations which are considered under State terrorism.

Contents

[edit] Religious Terrorists

Religious terrorism is a form of religious violence. As with other forms of terrorism, there is no real consensus as to its definition. Groups are frequently classified as practitioners of religious terrorism for any one of the following reasons:

  • The group itself is defined by religion rather than by other factors (such as ideology or ethnicity).
  • Religion plays some part in defining or determining the objectives or methods of the group.
  • The ultimate objective of the group is religiously defined.

Controversy concerning classification is often found because:

  • Religion and ethnicity frequently coincide. Ethnic conflict may thus appear as religious, or religious conflict may appear as ethnic.
  • Religious groups, like other groups, frequently pursue political goals. In such cases it is often not clear which is uppermost, the political goal or the religious motivation.

Groups which have used principal religious motives for their terrorist acts and were deemed as such by supranational organizations and governments are listed here in alphabetical order by religion.

[edit] Christian

  • Army of God
  • Christian Gallery[2]
  • Freedomites (1902-present) Active in Canada, notable for their longevity
  • God's Army A terrorist group in Myanmar.
  • Lord's Resistance Army Christian/Pagan/Muslim terrorist group that operates in northern Uganda, it seeks to overthrow the Ugandan government and create a country based on the ten commandments.
  • Nagaland Rebels (1947-present) Active in predominantly Christian state in Hindu majority India. Involved in several bombings in 2004. Goal: Independence from India after annexing parts of neighboring Indian states and Burma if it has Christian majority.
  • National Liberation Front of Tripura (1989-present) A group that seeks the independence of Tripura from India to create a Christian Tripura.
  • KKK is a fraternal organizations in the United States that have advocated white supremacy, anti-Semitism, racism, anti-Catholicism, homophobia, and nativism.

[edit] Islamist

[edit] Islamist Fronts

[edit] Sikh

All of these groups demand a Khalistan (Land of the Pure) in the Indian state of Punjab and adjoining areas for Sikhs. Most have a variable amount of support from Sikhs abroad and have been in existence since the 1980s. Many have been weakened and have cut down on activities, yet they continue. The militancy in Punjab has claimed approximately 100,000 lives, according to estimates put forward by Amnesty International: this figure involves killings by both Sikh militants and the Indian forces. With the exception of the first two, the other groups have only been proscribed in India.

[edit] Other religious terrorists

[edit] Nationalistic Terrorist Organizations

[edit] Irish Nationalists (Northern Ireland)

[edit] Ulster Loyalists (Northern Ireland)


[edit] India

[edit] Israeli

[edit] Jewish (Historical)

  • Irgun (1931-1948) - regarded as a terrorist group by the British authorities and mainstream Zionist organizations (not during most of World War II).
  • Lehi (1940-1948) - regarded as a terrorist group by the British authorities.

[edit] Jewish (Contemporary)

  • Kahane Chai (designated as terrorist by Israel, the EU, and USA)

[edit] Arab

[edit] Somalia

  • Oromo Liberation Front A nationalistic, terrorist organization founded in 1973. It operated from Somalia and northern Kenya for decades before adding Eritrea as its new base to attacking innocent civilians in Ethiopia.

[edit] Tamil Nationalist

  • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE, aka Tamil Tigers)- Sri Lanka. One of the largest groups with an estimated 24,000 Tamil cadres who fight for separation from Sri Lanka. The group has carried out 240+ suicide bombings since the early 80s in the process which they describe as their freedom struggle. Members of the group were convicted for the suicide bomber assassinations of Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa (1988-1993) and former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi [6]. UNHCR has reported that this organisation recruits children by force.[7]
  • PLOTE

[edit] Other nationalist terrorists

[edit] Anarchist

[edit] Leftist, Communist, Leninist, Trotskyst, Maoist and Marxist

[edit] Ethnic terrorists (including neo-Nazis and white-supremacists)

[edit] Anti-Communists

[edit] Cuban exile groups

Further information: Opposition to Fidel Castro

All groups recognised by the International terrorism report from the United States Central Intelligence Agency.[8] The principle aim of these groups is to forge political change in Cuba.

  • Abdala
  • Alpha 66
  • Anti-Castro Commando
  • Anti-Communist Commandos
  • Brigade 2506
  • Condor
  • Coordination of United Revolutionary Organizations (CORU - includes Orlando Bosch and Luis Posada Carriles)
  • Cuba Action
  • Cuba Action Commandos
  • Cuban Anti-Communist League
  • Cuban C-4
  • Movement Cuban Liberation Front
  • Cuban National Liberation Front (FLNC)
  • Cuban Power (el Poder Cubano)
  • Cuban Power
  • Cuban Representation in Exile
  • Cuban Revolutionary Directorate
  • Cuban Revolutionary Organization
  • Cuban Youth Group International
  • Secret Revolutionary United Cells
  • JCN (expansion unknown)
  • Latin American Anti-Communist Army
  • Movement of Cuban Justice Movement of the Seventh (M-7)
  • National Integration Front (FIN; Cuban Nationalist Front)
  • Omega 7
  • Pedro Luis Boitel
  • Command Pedro Ruiz Botero
  • Commandos Pragmatistas
  • Scorpion (el Alacran)
  • Second Front of Escambray
  • Secret Anti-Castro Cuban Army
  • Secret Cuban Government
  • Secret Hand Organization
  • Secret Organization Zero
  • Young Cubans
  • Youths of the Star


[edit] Ecologist

These groups are active on environmental issues, using sabotage (monkeywrenching) as their means of struggle. They have a commitment to property damage only, and not harming life (human or animal).

[edit] Others

[edit] Africa

[edit] Caribbean

[edit] France

[edit] Spain

  • ETA Euskadi Ta Askatasuna, main terrorist organization in Spain responsible of the numerous bombings
  • GAL Grupo Antiterrorista de Liberacion, terrorist organization of the government in the 1980s.
  • GRAPO Grupo Antifacista Primero de Octubre, terrorist organization of extreme left
  • FAG Fuerzas Armadas Guanches, terrorist organization of the Islas Canarias part of MPAIAC in the 1970s.
  • Terra Lliure terrorist group of Catalonia in the 1980s. and 1990s.
  • Kale borroka attacks in the Basque Country and Navarra

[edit] United Kingdom

  • Animal Rights Militia, a terrorist organization responsible for numerous letter bombs in Great Britain during the 1980s.

[edit] United States

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ European Union. Common Position 2005/847/CFSP (PDF). Retrieved on 2006-07-03.


    * United States Department of State. Terrorist Exclusion List. Retrieved on 2006-07-03.
    * United States Department of State. Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs). Retrieved on 2006-07-03.
    * United Kingdom Home Office. Proscribed terrorist groups. Retrieved on 2006-07-03.
    * Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada. Entities list. Retrieved on 2006-07-03.
    * Australian Government. Listing of Terrorist Organisations. Retrieved on 2006-07-03.
    * Arab Times (Kuwait). Terror’ list out; Russia tags two Kuwaiti groups. Retrieved on 2006-08-02.

  2. ^ Abortion Hit List, sanitized
  3. ^ China issues first ever list of "terrorist" groups, World Tibet Network News, 2003-12-15
  4. ^ For example, the U.S. State Department removed the PIRA from its list of terrorist organizations in 2002. [1]
  5. ^ 22 USC 5201(b) - "Therefore, the Congress determines that the PLO and its affiliates are a terrorist organization and a threat to the interests of the United States, its allies, and to international law and should not benefit from operating in the United States."
  6. ^ Public Law 100-204 regarding the PLO. [2]
  7. ^ National Review - And a Thief, Too: Yasser Arafat takes what he likes
  8. ^ International terrorism report from the United States Central Intelligence Agency. Online

[edit] External links

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