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Alfred Charles "Al" Sharpton Jr. (born October 3, 1954) is a Pentecostal minister, a political activist, civil rights activist, and film actor. In 2004 Sharpton was a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States.
 Early years
Al Sharpton was born in 1954 to a prosperous family in Lake Charles, Louisiana. His father was a boxer and landlord. Until the age of ten, he lived a comfortable life in Queens. He preached his first sermon at the age of four, and soon became famous in Brooklyn as the "wonderboy preacher," even touring with gospel singer Mahalia Jackson. He was licensed and ordained a Minister at age 10 by Bishop F.D. Washington in 1964. He graduated from Tilden High School in Brooklyn and attended Brooklyn College but did not graduate.  
In 1963, his parents separated. Sharpton recalls in a 2002 interview "My daddy walked out on us, and he married my half-sister, Tina. Tina was my mother's daughter from a previous marriage." His mother took a job as a maid, earning very little, and qualified for welfare; the family moved from their middle class home in Queens to the projects in Brownsville. 
 Political activism
Sharpton's first experiences in organizing people were in high school, where he protested against poor cafeteria food and the dress code. In 1969, he was appointed by Jesse Jackson as youth director of Operation Breadbasket, a group that focused on the promotion of new and better jobs for black Americans. 
In 1991, Sharpton founded the National Action Network to increase voter education, services aiding the poor, supporting economically small community businesses, confronting racism and violation of civil and human rights.
In 1999, Sharpton led a protest in the shooting death of Amadou Diallo, a West African immigrant. There was an immense wave of protests after Diallo, who was unarmed at the time, was shot dead by police in the vestibule of his apartment building. Sharpton was in the forefront in claiming police brutality and racial profiling. Diallo's family was later awarded $3 million in a wrongful death suit filed against the city.
In a similar case in 2003, Sharpton was also involved in protests in the death of another West African immigrant Ousmane Zongo. Zongo, who was also unarmed, was shot by a plain clothes policeman during a raid on a warehouse in Chelsea. Sharpton met with the family and also provided some legal services. Zongo's family was also awarded $3 million in a wrongful death suit.
To his supporters, Sharpton is seen as a loyal defender of the underrepresented poor and disenfranchised, and as someone who has been supporting his community for 30 years. Critics of Sharpton have portrayed him as a racial agitator ("race baiter"), citing his involvement in the Tawana Brawley case and claiming that he seems to insert himself into instances of racial tension in order to increase his own popularity at the expense of making situations even more tense.
Sharpton is a supporter of the World Can't Wait organization.
 Stance on Gay Rights
Sharpton recently announced that he is a supporter of equal rights for gays and lesbians, including their right to marry. Despite earlier media portrayals of him as virulently anti-gay, he has now taken it upon himself to head a grassroots movement to eliminate homophobia within the Black Church. This stance has taken a significant amount of antagonism from Christian fundamentalists, claiming his hypocrisy and his take on this issue, which goes against traditional church stances, are contradictory to his faith and title. 
 Assassination attempt
On January 12, 1991, Michael Riccardi stabbed Sharpton with a five-inch knife into his chest and tried to flee as Sharpton was preparing to lead a protest in a Brooklyn schoolyard. Sharpton suffered a punctured lung and spent five days at Coney Island Hospital. He has a 1-inch scar on his chest and says he suffered lung damage that still disrupts his breathing.
On January 5, 2003 Sharpton announced his candidacy for the 2004 presidential election as a member of the Democratic Party. Precisely one year later, days before the Iowa caucus, allegations of connection between Sharpton's campaign management and entrenched Republican Party organizers surfaced.
On March 15, 2004, Sharpton announced his endorsement of leading Democratic candidate John Kerry. However, Sharpton did not withdraw from the race, continuing instead to campaign and striving to win delegates for the 2004 Democratic National Convention.
On December 15, 2005 Sharpton agreed to repay $100,000 in public funds he received from the federal government for his 2004 Presidential campaign. The repayment was required because Sharpton had exceeded federal limits on personal expenditures for his campaign. At that time his most recent Federal Election Commission filings (from January 1, 2005) stated that Sharpton's campaign still had debts of $479,050 and owed Sharpton himself $145,146 for an item listed as "Fundraising Letter Preparation — Kinko's." 
 Televised scuffle with Roy Innis
 Tawana Brawley
In the Tawana Brawley case, a 15-year-old black girl was found smeared with feces, lying in a garbage bag, her clothing torn and burned and with various slurs and epithets written on her body in charcoal. Brawley claimed that she had been assaulted and raped by six white men, some of them police officers, on November 28, 1987, in the town of Wappingers Falls, New York.
The FBI was called in, and Brawley was questioned about what had happened. She claimed she had been raped by unidentified white men. When a rape exam came back inconclusive, she changed her story, saying that she had not been raped, but had been sexually abused. Further examinations revealed that Brawley had received no real injuries, nor did she show signs of exposure. Testimony from her schoolmates also indicated that she had been at a local party during the time of her supposed abduction.
The incident made headlines nationwide, and her cause was taken up by Sharpton, along with Alton H. Maddox and C. Vernon Mason. The three turned the incident into a media sensation; among other acts, they identified New York prosecutor Steven Pagones as one of the men involved, despite the lack of any evidence, and they likewise attempted to implicate higher officials in the State government.
Accusations continued to be levied; an ex-boyfriend of Brawley's told Newsday that Brawley had admitted to him that she had made up the story of the attack. She may have feared punishment from her stepfather and her mother, who had beaten her after previous runaway episodes. A grand jury was convened, and after seven months of examining police and medical records, the jury determined that Brawley's assault was a hoax.
Disbarment proceedings were begun against Maddox and Mason, and Brawley and her family moved hastily to Virginia, taking with them a "defense fund" of $300,000, which had been contributed by well-wishers.
In 1998, Pagones, whose career and marriage had been shattered, was awarded $345,000 (he sought $150 million) in a suit for defamation of character that he brought against Sharpton, Maddox, and Mason. Sharpton still refused to apologize to Pagones, and one of his friends paid the judgment money.
 Crown Height Riots
The Crown Heights Riot occurred after a car accident involving the motorcade for the Lubavitcher Rebbe killed a young boy, Gavin Cato. A private Hasidic ambulance came to the scene and, on the orders of a police officer, removed the Hasidic driver of the car. Gavin Cato and his cousin Angela were picked up soon after by a city ambulance. Al Sharpton became the de-facto representative for the Cato family speaking at the funeral and leading marchers shouting "No Justice No Peace".
Caribbean-American and African-American residents of the neighborhood rioted for four consecutive days fueled by rumors that the private ambulance had refused to treat Cato.  A visiting rabbinical student from Australia by the name of Yankel Rosenbaum, 29 years old, was killed during the rioting by a mob shouting "Kill the Jew". 
Sharpton's rhetoric was criticized by Jewish groups and the Republican National Committee as inflammatory and unhelpful in easing the tension between the black and Jewish communities. Sharpton was accused by the RNC of being a "racist anti-Semite with blood on his hands.
 Freddie's Fashion Mart
It is also alleged that after Sharpton called a Jewish shopkeeper a "white interloper" at a rally, an associate of his suggested the man's shop should be burned down. When a black member of the crowd did so, killing several people and himself, Sharpton initially denied having spoken at the rally . When confronted with a video tape showing his presence, he said: "What's wrong with denouncing white interlopers?" Sharpton later apologized to the shopkeeper for the remark.    
 Encounter with the FBI
HBO's Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel aired an FBI videotape of an undercover sting operation showing Al Sharpton in a discussion with an FBI agent posing as a drug dealer. The meeting between Sharpton and the agent was arranged by Michael Franzese, a Mafia captain who is said to have had a relationship with Sharpton and Don King. It is said that Sharpton was offered a 10% commission for arranging drug sales. Sharpton mostly nods and allows the FBI agent to do most of the talking. At one point in the tape he states, "Well, if [the unnamed buyer] can, if he's gonna do it, he'll do it much more than that."
No drug deal was ever consummated, and no charges were brought against Sharpton as a result of the tape. Law enforcement sources have said the FBI used the tape as leverage to enlist Sharpton as a government informant against fellow black activists and others. "The question is: Why would the government say that?" Sharpton said, and denied he was a snitch. "If they have an agreement with me, where is it?".
Sharpton denounced the tape as a set-up. "If anything it will rally people around me," Sharpton said. "For 18 years, the government has been trying to find a way to get me."
 LoanMax spokesman
More recently, Sharpton has been criticized for appearing in advertisements for LoanMax, an automobile title loan company. LoanMax has been accused of predatory lending charging fees which are the equivalent of 300% APR loans, and for marketing them to primarily poor, urban and African American audiences. The ads featuring Sharpton were run in predominantly African American markets.
 Celebrity status
Because of his demeanor and personality, Sharpton has become something of a minor celebrity and has been featured in many movies and television shows. He had cameo appearances in the movies Cold Feet, Bamboozled and Mr. Deeds and in episodes of the television shows New York Undercover, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, Girlfriends, My Wife and Kids, and Boston Legal. He also hosted the original Spike TV reality television show, I Hate My Job. He also played a small role in the Spike Lee movie, Malcolm X. During the 2005 Tony Awards, Sharpton appeared in a number put on by the cast of The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee. He was recently a guest on Weekends at the DL on Comedy Central. He was recently featured dancing to salsa music in television ads for the Fernando Ferrer campaign for the New York City mayoral election, 2005.  He has also hosted the late-night comedy show Saturday Night Live.
In June 2005, Sharpton signed a contract with Matrix Media, Incorporated, to produce and host a live two-hour daily talk program, which did not air. However, in November 2005, Sharpton signed with Radio One to host a daily national talk radio program. The program started on January 30, 2006.
In late 2005, Sharpton indicated that he was considering starring in a sitcom, tentatively called Al in the Family, which would be an updated version of All in the Family. Later in the year he decided he would not be in the show, instead concentrating on a possible bid for President of the United States in 2008.
 Author of books
- Sharpton, Al, Go and Tell Pharaoh (hardcover), Doubleday, 1996. ISBN 0-385-47583-7
- Sharpton, Al, Al on America (hardcover), Dafina Books, 2002. ISBN 0-7582-0350-0
- Sharpton, Al, Al on America (paperback), Dafina Books, 2003. ISBN 0-7582-0351-9
 External links
- Salon Interview with Al Sharpton
- Text of Democratic National Convention 2004 Speech
- A CNN story on the Pagones suit